May 26, 2023 | By dac_admin

Please find the full text of the DAC Coalition’s response here: DAC Coalition – UN FCCC Article 6.4 SB Response

Dear Article 6.4 Supervisory Body, 

Thank you for the continued engagement to clarify the role of carbon removals in Article 6 to achieve our shared climate goals. 

The Direct Air Capture Coalition (DAC Coalition) is a global non-profit organization consisting of over eighty companies, civil society groups, and research and academic institutions working together to help advance and accelerate the responsible development and deployment of direct air capture technology to address climate change. 

We would like to first acknowledge and thank the Supervisory Body for their work on the inclusion of carbon removals in the Article 6.4 mechanism and for providing the opportunity to respond to the Information Note entitled “Removal activities under the Article 6.4 mechanism” (A6.4-SB005-AA-A09 version 0.40):

In summary, we would like to draw particular attention to the following matters: 

  • Scientific consensus around the role of engineered removals 
  • Tonne-year accounting and the importance of permanent and durable CO2 storage
  • The wording used in Table 3.2 around pros and cons of “engineering-based” removal 
  • The role of engineered removals in meeting Nationally Determined Contributions
  • Acknowledgement of previous stakeholder submissions from SB004 Call for Inputs

We appreciate that direct air carbon dioxide capture and storage (DACCS) is among a suite of emerging engineered approaches to carbon removal, however, the current approach illustrated in the Information Note disadvantages DACCS under the Article 6.4 mechanism. This runs contrary to the extensive Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) modeling which unequivocally demonstrates its role in reaching scientifically-backed climate goals. 

The DAC Coalition remains available to support you in this ongoing process. 


Aaron Benjamin

UK and Europe Lead 

Direct Air Capture Coalition


Cam Hosie


8 Rivers

Ryan Shearman

Co-Founder & CEO

Aether Diamonds

Matt Atwood



Eric Dahlgren

Co-Founder & CEO


Rory Brown



Tito Jankowski



Mark Cyfkka



Janina Motter

Sustainability Program Manager


Rahul Shendure


Calli Obern

Director of Policy


Adrian Corless


CarbonCapture Inc.

Robert Niven

Chair & CEO

CarbonCure Technologies

Sebastian Manhart

Senior Policy Advisor


Dr. Claire Nelson



Corey Pattison



Dr. Stephanie Arcusa

Postdoctoral Researcher

Center for Negative Carbon Emissions (Arizona State University)

Glen Meyerowitz


Clairity Technology

Carlijn Nouwen


Climate Action Platform – Africa

Christoph Beuttler

Chief Policy Officer


Mike Mattes

CEO & President

John Moore


Professor Matthew J Realff, School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering,


Direct Air Capture Center (Georgia Tech)

Aaron Benjamin

UK and Europe Lead

Direct Air Capture Coalition

Nicholas Eisenberger

Co-Founder & Board Chair

Direct Air Capture Coalition

Jason Hochman

Co-Founder & Senior Director

Direct Air Capture Coalition

Edward Sanders


Dr. Sanjeev Khagram

Director & Dean

Global Carbon Removal Partnership

Bilha Ndirangu


Great Carbon Valley

Vikrum Aiyer

Head of Global Public Policy & External Affairs


Shashank Samala



Noah McQueen

Co-Founder & Head of Research


Dr Phil Renforth

Associate Professor

Heriot-Watt University

Dr. Gaurav Sant


Institute of Carbon Management (University of California, Los Angeles)

Eamon Jubbawy



Natalia Dorfman



Nicholas Chadwick


Mission Zero


Chris Sherwood

Secretary General

Negative Emissions Platform

Josh Santos



Diana Maranga

Dev. & Policy Lead

Octavia Carbon

Chris Neidl


The OpenAir Collective

Ryan Anderson


Parallel Carbon

Lucy Hargreaves

VP, Corporate Affairs + Climate Policy


Einar Tyssen



Amir Moslemian

Managing Director


Vida Gabriel


TerraFixing Inc.

May 24, 2023 | By dac_admin

It is hard to believe it has already been a year since the Direct Air Capture Coalition (DACC) launched. In that short time, we have made tremendous strides in advancing and accelerating the responsible development and deployment of Direct Air Capture (DAC) technology to help fight climate change. With a diverse, growing base of DAC leaders in our organization, united by a shared commitment to being a part of the solution to the climate crisis, the Coalition has achieved some significant initial milestones. Let’s take a closer (but non-exhaustive!) look at what we have achieved together in our first year.  

The Stakeholder Rocketship: from 32 to 86 (and growing!)

From a strong base at launch of leading innovators, the Coalition has expanded from 32 companies, non-profits, and academic and research institutions to 86 organizations (and growing), including nearly 40 innovative DAC technology companies. We are often one of the first organizations that stakeholders from across the globe reach out to for advice when they have an interest to engage on DAC. We have been blown away, not just by the growth of this field, but the cross-cutting innovative approaches people are taking to DAC. 

Supporting the Ecosystem

Our goal is to  support the timely, effective, sustainable, and responsible growth of the DAC ecosystem. We have created a rich repository of DAC-focused educational and informational resources including a Report Library, FAQ, DAC Company Directory, News Hub, Video Library, and more. Our monthly newsletter, the  DAC Dispatch, recaps the latest news in the DAC space, member updates, upcoming events, open vacancies. If you have not signed up already, be sure to catch your monthly DAC dose here

To help serve our members, we have created a connectivity channel available to all DACC members and partners to share news, intel, updates, and opportunities for collaboration, as well as organized a speakers series for Coalition stakeholders to hear from, and engage with, key actors in the space, featuring groups such as Breakthrough Energy, Patch, Frontier, Climate Agency, Rondo, DNV, NETL, WRI, among others to address topics related to policy changes, buyer insights, RFP walkthroughs, communications strategies, zero-carbon heat and electricity sources, and measurement, reporting, and verification standardization, technological development and commercialization pathways, and progress tracking. 

A Global Champion for Direct Air Capture

Through conferences, webinars, podcasts, and media articles forums, we’ve spread the word to raise awareness and inform key stakeholders and the public about the potential for, and necessity of, developing and deploying direct air capture technology to help combat climate change.

Utilizing our broad and diverse set of coalition members, we have been and will continue to be well positioned to inform policy. Submitting public comments and responding to national consultations (e.g Department of Energy RFI on demand side support mechanisms) is foundational to our work, along with educational sessions for key decision makers across the policy, finance, academia, advocacy, and technology spheres.

Proud to be Partners

We launched the coalition with the intention of anchoring our activities alongside the bustling and ever-growing community of carbon removal organizations. Some of those we are most proud of are:

Through our focus on coalition building, advocacy, awareness raising, public outreach, fostering partnerships, knowledge sharing, connectivity, and collaboration, the coalition is driving the responsible development and deployment of DAC technologies. These achievements set the stage for even greater advancements in the days, months, and years to come, as the DAC Coalition continues to pave the way towards a sustainable and resilient future for our planet.

A MASSIVE THANK YOU to all of our members, partners, and observers.

November 10, 2022 | Diandra Angiello

As the 2022 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP27) convenes in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt, the 198 parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) gather to find global solutions that mitigate and adapt to the climate crisis, as well as achieve climate justice. Climate justice addresses the idea that “the historical responsibility for climate change lies with wealthy and powerful people – and yet it disproportionately impacts the poorest and most vulnerable.”1 Additionally, climate justice addresses the fact that the impacts of climate change are unequally distributed based on factors that include (but are not limited to) age, race, gender, socioeconomic status, and geographic location. Continue reading “Climate Justice Priorities for Direct Air Capture “

August 14, 2022 | By Aaron Benjamin, DAC Coalition

The failure of the Build Back Better to pass through the Senate last month left President Biden’s bold climate ambitions in murky waters . Yet on Friday, in quite dramatic fashion, the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA), the largest federal investment in combating climate change, passed through the House of Representatives and awaits the final stamp of approval.

When President Biden signs the bill into law, it will be a momentous moment for the U.S which may have just revived its 2015 Paris Agreement target of slashing emissions in half by 2030. Analysis by Princeton’s REPEAT project estimates that the IRA will reduce the US’s CO2 emissions by 42% below 2005 levels by 2030. For all our readers who strictly work in gigatons and as DAC enthusiasts, this equates to “0.8-1Gt of additional carbon emission reduction in 2030 relative to current policy baseline” analysis by Jesse Jenkins of Princeton’s REPEAT. 

To do this, the IRA earmarks $369 billion for climate initiatives, a large proportion of which will contribute to the continued decarbonization of industry in the U.S, targeting both the production and consumption of renewables, electric cars, heat pumps and alternative fuels. An article in Lexology published this week, sets out a detailed breakdown of all the climate and energy beneficiaries. 

Whilst the focal point of the bill’s climate fund will be clean energy and renewables, a summary below illustrates how Direct Air Capture (DAC) will be affected, starting with the posterboy tax-credit of point-source carbon capture and direct air capture: 45Q. 

45Q’s New Look

Previous to the IRA, the tax credit awarded companies $50 per tonne of CO2 captured and durably stored or $35 per tonne for utilizing it in their manufacturing process (for instance in concrete or alternative fuels). While this was positive, frustrations ruminated amongst the nascent DAC companies, the majority of which still at pilot stage, simply did not have the 100,000 ton/yr capture capacity required to benefit from the credit. At a time where assuring capital would be essential to scaling efforts, the credit was ineffective.

The IRA changes everything, providing “more money, more time and [benefitting] smaller projects” put succinctly by Lucy Hargreaves, a policy expert at Patch. To break this down, the new 45Q more than triples the previous credit to $180/ton for durable CO2 storage and boosts CO2 utilization to $130/ton. However, as mentioned above, providing more finance is ineffective if companies cannot meet the minimum capture requirement. The fact that the IRA states that companies only need to capture 1000 ton/year to access the credit, will provide financial reassurance to the plethora of DAC start-ups, university spin-outs, and small-scale facilities that make up the majority of the emerging DAC ecosystem. Smaller projects will also be boosted by the fact they will now be able to receive direct pay for the full value of the credits for the projects first five years, providing capital to aid their no-doubt ambitious scaling plans.

Additionally, the enhanced 45Q will provide DAC companies with a seven year extension on the deadline for the construction of eligible facilities (until Jan 1st 2033). This will provide research projects and those still early in their DAC technology readiness, more time and peace of mind to realize their plans.

Support Extended for CO2 Utilization and Renewables

Elsewhere in the bill, is a hefty $2.15Bn investment into low-carbon buildings and the use of low-carbon materials (a big win for CO2 utilization companies such as CarbonCure and CarbonBuilt), plus a further $100m to help build out low-embodied carbon labelling. In conjunction with the 45Q revisions, both these funds will support DAC companies looking to use the sequestered CO2 in making low-carbon concrete. However, concrete is not the only DAC+utilization pathway benefiting from the bill. Credits on alternative fuels (otherwise known as syn-fuels) have been extended until the end of 2024 alongside a $250m injection into the exploration of sustainable aviation fuel. 

The cost of renewable energy is projected to come down even further with a $30Bn assigned to production tax-credits. The ramifications of having a clean, cheap source of energy goes far beyond our carbon dioxide removal ecosystem, however, the energy-intensive regeneration step of many DAC operations, may have just been handed a solution and in turn, a rebuttal to many of their critics.

Above all, the IRA sends a strong signal to the rest of the world that the US is backing the  reality of a carbon capture and removal industry. This, alongside the CHIPS and Science Act (passed 9th August 2022) which commits $1 billion in funding for carbon removal R&D over a four year period (2023-2026) “galvanizes carbon removal not only through direct federal support, but also by signaling the strength of the market to the private sector” said Ben Rubin, Executive Director of the Carbon Business Council

Casting our minds forward to 2030, I have a strong inclination that we will look back on 2022 as a transformative year for carbon removal policy. As a quiet optimism sweeps through all those working on climate, we should be cautious not to sensationalize. The road is long and winding but it certainly is pleasant not to be wandering in the desert anymore.